In recent weeks the global community was terrified by the brutal killings of the innocent journalists in the heart of Paris. Last December, we all watched in horror the terrible images of the school children cowardly killed by the terrorists in Peshawar, Pakistan. In the middle east a broad international coalition is taking military actions against the ISIS, the extremist organization responsible for the death of 24 000 people. In this situation we can hardly say that the dangers of terrorism have been eradicated. Thus, improving the counter-terrorist measures has to be one of the top priorities of the international community. We can plainly see the immense suffering and damage caused by terrorists but what seems to be less self-evident is the financial background of these groups. The terrorist acts require substantial financial and material support. This support is usually provided by state as well as non-state actors. In the past, the Security Council approved several resolutions requiring states to take direct actions against financing of the terrorism. Nevertheless, we see that the current operational framework is getting out-dated. For this reason, the main goal of this year’s ZAMUN Security Council will be to develop new set of international rules in order to track and identify the actors financing terrorist groups more rapidly and effectively.
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Juraj Majcin (University of Geneva in Switzerland)